Top 10 diamond mines in the world
Diamond mining in India has started dated back to ancient time. Though, the country is not holding a significant position in the world as the producer of diamond. According to the reports, in 2013, India was able to produce 37,515 carats of diamonds. In case of diamond mining Brazil has always been on the top of the list. India has an interesting history of diamond miming and that is according to a Greek historian’s hypothesis, India has a rich deposition of diamond. In the medieval period diamond mines were spotted in the modern Andhra Pradesh and later in modern Hyderabad near Golkonda.
Top 10 mines
As per the reports, in 2017 the Majhgawan mine in Madhya Pradesh is the best mine in India. The National Mineral Development Corporation is the owner of the mine. The mine yields 84,000 carats every year. The regular mining started from 1967 and since then it is being functional. The mine is 85 m deep and the area is 6.5 h. There are 199 people who are involved in mining.
Bunder diamond deposit
The Bunder diamond deposit was discovered in 2004 and it was discovered by The Rio Tinto Group and the location is in the Chhatarpur district near Buxwaha. After 2017 the company handed over the mine to government of India.
The mine is located at the river Krishna in Andhra Pradesh. The location is near to the Golkonda district. The mine is known for producing large diamond and it is one the ancient mine in India. The mine was operated till 19th century and known as the largest mine in India. When the mine was functional many people used work at the mine.
About 40 years back the Botuobinskaya mine was discovered in Russia and the diamond production is 130 million carats each year. The mine has huge impact on the economy of the country.
One of the largest mine is Jwaneng and it is located in Botswana that is 160 km away from Gaborone. The mine is considered as one of the largest producer of diamond in the world as the diamond production is 149.1 million carats every year and the mine has become popular since 2015. The mine is owned by Debswana and it is a joint venture project. The kone is considered as the world’s richest diamond mine.
Another significant mine in Botswana is the Orapa diamond mine which comes at top of the list of world’s richest diamond mine. The diamond depostion of the mine is 151.4 million carats and it is located 500 km away from Gaborone. The mine was first discovered in 1960 and the major expansion happened in 2015. The mine is also owned by Debswana and a joint venture of De Beers and the government of Botswana. The venture has 4 mines and this one is the oldest among four. The highest production of diamond was 17.3 million carats in 2006.
If you talk about the largest diamond in the world then Jubilee is the largest in the planet. It is in Russia and the diamond deposition is 125.4 million carats. The mine was discovered in 1986 and it is believed that it has the largest diamond deposition in the world. The mine produces around 11 million carats per year.
It is the largest mine Angola and first discovered in 1965 but the development stated in 1994. The mine has diamond deposition is 110 million carats and the mine is owned by SociedadeMineira de Catoca. The diamond production has started from 1997 and the expansion is done in 2005. In has been assuming that the mine will be up to 600m by 2034.
The Udachny diamond mine is 640m deep and has108 million caratsin reserve. The open pit stated being functional since 1971 and the mine produce 4 million carats per year. It is being said that mine will produce 8 million carats in coming year.
It is another mine in Russia and has a diamond deposition of 97.4 million carats. The mine was first discovered in 1955 and the production has started 1960. The diamond production of the mine is 10 million carats per year.
One of the earliest diamond mines is Venetia and it has diamond deposition of 71.8 million carats. The mine has been discovered in 1903 and the project stated in 1969 and the mine is located in South Africa.
The mine called Grib is located in Russia and the mine has 91.5 million carats diamond deposition. Usually the mine produces 4.5 million carats per year and apart from that the mine has been functional for 20 years. It is believed that the production will expand in the coming year.